TONAWANDA (1856, Propeller)


Year of Build:
1856
Official Number:
24110
Construction and Ownership
Built at:
Buffalo, NY
Vessel Type:
Propeller
Hull Materials:
Wood
Number of Decks:
1
Builder Name:
Benjamin B. Jones
Original Owner and Location:
Western Transportation Company, Buffalo, New York
Ownership Notes:
Enrolled Buffalo
Power
Power:
Mechanical
Number of Masts:
1
Propulsion:
Screw
Engine Type:
High Pressure (including HPNC)
# Cylinders:
1
# Boilers:
2
Propulsion Notes:
36" x 42" engine by Shepard Iron Works, Buffalo, New York Also reported as 2 oscillating engines by Buffalo Steam Engine Works; 26" cylinders Boilers by Buffalo Steam Engine Works
Dimensions
Length:
202' 3"
Beam:
32' 3"
Depth:
13' 3"
Tonnage (old style):
822.68
Final Disposition
Final Location:
2.5 miles southwest of Windmill Point, Lake Erie
Date:
18 Oct 1870
How:
Foundered while being towed to Buffalo
Final Cargo:
Flour, oats, lead
History

1856, July 18 Ashore in fog, Mackinac, Michigan

1856, November 1 Aground, St.Clair Flats

1857, July 6 Burned off Presque Isle, Lake Huron, serious damage

1857, September 13 Rebuilt

1859 Grounded on Grosse Isle

1859, September 15 Ashore Bois Blanc Island, Lake Huron

1860, July 27 Collision with schooner GARRIT SMITH on Saginaw Bay,

Lake Huron

1862 Ran on an obstruction, damaged hull clearing Buffalo harbor;

required 2 additional pumps to get pumped out for repairs

1864, October 24 Starboard boiler exploded, vessel sank, Chicago,

Illinois

1864, November 3 Raised, placed in drydock, but not repaired

1866, July 22 Hull towed to Buffalo to be rebuilt

1866, October 1 Upper deck cabins added, 935.62 gross tons

1867 Aground Belle Isle, Detroit, Michigan

1868, October 22 Collision with schooner FOREST QUEEN in snowstorm off

Long Point, Lake Erie; both damaged, TONAWANDA had to

go into drydock for major repairs

1869, May 22 Collision with propeller EQUINOX off Clay Banks,

Wisconsin; required drydock repairs (one source said

Point Pelee, Lake Erie)

1870, October 18 Disabled above Point Abino, Lake Erie in gale; 10

crew & captain's daughter left in yawl boat for

Canadian shore

Taken in tow by tugs J.C.HARRISON & F.L.DANFORTH for

Buffalo, but foundered off Windmill Point

1870, November Salvage attempt for lead cargo by diver John Quinn, an

accident nearly killed him

1871, July 26 Second salvage attempt suspended September 11 due to

weather

1874, September 30 Enrollment surrendered Buffalo, New York

1875, July 19 Boilers & engines salvaged

1882 Other attempts at salvage

1990, May 28 Discovered by SCUBA divers in 50 feet of water off

Windmill Point

Notes
From the Collection of:
C. Patrick Labadie
Contact
Alpena County George N. Fletcher Public Library
Email
WWW address
Agency street/mail address

211 N. First Ave.
Alpena, Michigan 49707
USA
(989)356-6188

TONAWANDA (1856, Propeller)
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TONAWANDA (1856, Propeller)