CANADA (1846, Steamer)


Year of Build:
1846
Construction and Ownership
Built at:
Chippewa, ONT
Vessel Type:
Steamer
Note: Maximum beam on deck 65'3". 180' upper cabin, 42 staterooms.
Hull Materials:
Wood
Number of Decks:
2
Builder Name:
Niagara Harbor & Dock Co.
Master Carpenter:
Robert Gilkison or Mr. Ewe
Original Owner:
J. Macklem, H. Van Allen et al.
Ownership Notes:
Canadian Joint Stock Co.
Power
Power:
Mechanical
Propulsion:
Sidewheel
Engine Type:
Vertical Beam (Walking Beam)
# Cylinders:
1
# Boilers:
2
Propulsion Notes:
60" cylinder by 10' stroke beam engine, Macklem Works, Chippewa, ONT. 150hp, 31'8" wheels with 10' buckets.
Dimensions
Length:
199.2'
Beam:
27.9'
Depth:
13'
Tonnage (old style):
738
Final Disposition
Final Location:
Chicago, IL.
Lake Michigan.
Date:
28 Aug 1858
How:
Wrecked.
Final Cargo:
Lumber, 500,000 feet.
Notes:
Was leaking from storm; struck bar where she broke her back and went to pieces.
History

1846, Jun 10 Vessel launched.

1847, Jun 1 First voyage; North Shore Service, Lake Erie to run Buffalo, NY - Detroit, MI with LONDON stopping at Port Colborne, Port Dover, Port Stanley & Windsor; accomodating over 300 passengers; noted fastest boat on Lake Erie at the time.

1847, Jul Installed colored head lights.

1848-1849 Central Railroad Line.

1849 Siezed by US at Detroit for custom violation, smuggling. Purchased Eber Ward, ran on Lake Michigan, Chicago - Buffalo.

1849, Sep 28 Aground Fighting Island, Detroit.

1850 Michigan Central Railroad Line.

1850, Aug 30 Damaged in gale, Lake Michigan.

1852, Apr 27 Purchased by Capt. Gager, Detroit.

1852 Engines removed to CASPIAN, then E. K. COLLINS, PLANET & NORTHWEST; hull made a bark at Ward's Newport Shipyard.

Largest sail vessel on Lakes.

1852, Jul 29 Cargo 50,000 bushels oats; Chicago - Buffalo, new record.

1852, Nov 6 Damaged in gale off Erie, PA, carrying coal for Chicago.

1853, Apr 23 Owned F.C. Clark.

1853, Jul 13 Brought locomotive & 2,300 rails to Chicago; largest load 1,100 tons to leave Buffalo, NY.

1853, Oct 10 Sustained some damage to rigging off Point Au Sable, Lake Huron.

1854, May 10 Foremast struck by lightning on St. Clair River.

Owned Walker & Bantam, Buffalo.

1854, Oct 12 Gale damage hull, cargo, sails & rigging.

1854, Jul 11 Collision with steamer SOUTHERN MICHIGAN at Buffalo; slight damage.

1855, Jul Collided with brig GLOBE, Lake Erie.

1855, Oct Canvas blown away in gale, Lake Michigan.

1856, May 1 Owned E.A. Bruce.

1856, May 2 Owned E.A. Bruce, et.al., Chicago.

1856, Nov Lost sails & some spars in gale on Lake Michigan.

1858, Aug 28 Wrecked off Chicago; cargo lumber.

Owned E.A. Bruce, Chicago.

Notes
From the Collection of:
C. Patrick Labadie
Sources:
Donald V. Baut
Edward J. Dowling Collection, University of Detroit - Mercy
Erik Heyl, Early American Steamers
Beers, History of the Great Lakes, J. B. Mansfield
Mills List
Newspaper Clippings
John E. Poole notes, Bowling Green State University
H. G. Runge Collection, Milwaukee Public Library
Steamboat Era in the Muskokas by Richard Tatley
Kenneth Thro
Contact
Alpena County George N. Fletcher Public Library
Email
WWW address
Agency street/mail address

211 N. First Ave.
Alpena, Michigan 49707
USA
(989)356-6188

CANADA (1846, Steamer)
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CANADA (1846, Steamer)